The purchasing pace at the demand end of the international thermal coal market continues to slow down and the international thermal coal price continues to decline. Prices for thermal coal at major international ports continued to fall last week as buyers in Europe slowed in recent days for April, coupled with weaker-than-expected import demand from End users in China. According to China Coal Market net monitoring: Australia Newcastle port thermal coal price index was 253 USD/ton, compared with 309.02 USD/ton, down 56.02 USD/ton, down 18.13%. South Africa's Port Richards thermal coal price Index was $264.5 / mt, down the US $62.72 / mt or 19.17% from US $327.22 / mt. The European ARA Tri-port thermal coal price Index was $281.8 / ton. Does the price of thermal coal in major international ports continue to decline to affect the price of the graphite?
Lithium-ion battery refers to a secondary battery system in which two different lithium intercalation compounds that can reversibly intercalate and deintercalation lithium ions are used as the battery's positive electrode and negative electrode, respectively. During charging, lithium ions are deintercalated from the positive electrode through the electrolyte and separator and embedded in the negative electrode; on the contrary, lithium ions are deintercalated from the negative electrode through discharge of the electrolyte the separator and embedded in the positive electrode. The negative electrode of the lithium-ion battery is made of harmful electrode active material, binder, and additives mixed to make a paste glue, which is evenly spread on both sides of the copper foil, dried, and rolled.
Advantages of graphite as anode material
Graphite is an allotrope of carbon, and the two are closely related. Graphite is the most stable form of carbon. (Diamond is a metastable allotrope of carbon. Although its hardness is much higher than graphite, it is the hardest substance in nature, but its stability is lower than that of graphite.)
The word "graphite" comes from the Greek word "graphein," which is resistant to high temperature and corrosion, has good electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and stable chemical properties, and is lighter than aluminum. In addition to being used as anode material for lithium-ion batteries, high-quality graphite can also be used in different fields such as fuel cells, solar cells, semiconductors, light-emitting diodes, and nuclear reactors.
In general, graphite has the advantages of high electronic conductivity, the small volume change of layered structure before and after lithium intercalation, high lithium intercalation capacity, and low lithium intercalation potential, and has become the mainstream commercial lithium-ion battery negative electrode material.
How to get graphite?
There are two ways to obtain graphite: one is natural ore, and the other is the synthesis of coal tar. The graphite materials used in lithium-ion batteries are generally prepared by blending 55% synthetic graphite and 45% low-purity natural graphite.
Manufacturers once favored synthetic graphite because the uniformity and purity of synthetic graphite were better than natural graphite. Now it is not the same. The application of modern chemical purification methods makes it possible to obtain 99.9% pure natural graphite after heat treatment. In contrast, synthetic graphite is 99% pure, making the former more popular.
Compared with synthetic graphite, purified natural flake graphite has higher crystallinity and exhibits better electrical and thermal conductivity. In addition, natural graphite is expected to reduce the production cost of lithium-ion batteries while achieving equal or better battery performance.
High-quality graphite supplier
Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase, and other negative materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries. If you are looking for Lithium battery anode material, click on the needed products and send us an inquiry：[email protected]
Recently, the Turkish government announced that the Turkish President has signed a presidential decree to provide incentives for its Black Sea gas field development projects, including tax exemptions and other preferential measures.
With a fixed investment of 145.1 billion Turkish lira ($10 billion), the project will employ 1,018 people and produce 14 billion standard cubic meters of gas per year, the decree reads. The incentives involved include tariff and VAT exemptions, as well as a range of tax cuts.
In June 2021, Turkish drill ships discovered 135 billion cubic meters of natural gas in the Sakaria field in the Black Sea, bringing Turkey's total gas discoveries in the region to 540 billion cubic meters.
Turkey imports almost all of its annual gas consumption of about 50 billion cubic meters.
Except for natural gas, the supply and prices of many other graphite will continue to be influenced by international situations.
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