Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the amorphous graphite.
Amorphous graphite is usually formed by contact metamorphism of anthracite coal seams with metamorphic agents (e.g. tectonic stress, magma, etc.). The result is microcrystalline graphite, often referred to as amorphous graphite.
In a few cases, regional metamorphism can result in amorphous graphite if larger metamorphic agents come into contact with the anthracite coal seam. However, this regional metamorphism is less common and a single joint of graphite is usually found.
As amorphous graphite is made by the metamorphism of anthracite coal seams, graphite itself is a seam mineral (rather than a vein mineral).
As a joint mineral, amorphous graphite tends to have a higher ash content than other types of natural graphite. This is a result of the deposition of other organic matter by the metamorphic agent as it interacts with the anthracite. After all, coal production environments are often rich in organic matter. In addition, graphite material may be free or mechanically attached to quartz or other materials.
The added organic material makes amorphous graphite the least graphitic of the three natural graphites. It is relatively poorly crystalline, typically showing a graphite content of 20% to 40% after mining. In contrast, other forms of natural graphite can have graphite contents of up to 90%.
Although all natural graphite must be processed before it can be used, amorphous graphite must be processed most extensively because of its low graphite content.
What are the good uses of amorphous graphite?
While not suitable for all uses, amorphous graphite has many applications. Its high heat resistance makes it suitable for manufacturing and is commonly used in crucibles, molds, ladles, sinks and nozzles. Even the electrodes of many metallurgical furnaces and the lining of iron blast furnaces are made of amorphous graphite.
In steel production, amorphous graphite can be added as a recarburizer to improve strength and durability.
In other industries, amorphous graphite is used to make brake pads, clutch material, washers and pencil leads. Pencil leads are usually made of the lowest quality amorphous graphite, and this particular use is mainly in China.
High-quality Amorphous graphite supplier
Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than 10 years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase, and other negative materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries.
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In a recent interview with Izvestia, Russian Federation Council Chairman Matviyenko said that Russia is open to dialogue with the West based on mutual respect, but the opportunity to resume dialogue will only come after the end of special military operations.
Matviyenko also noted that Europe currently lacks politicians who can make independent decisions. She said the EU's strategy to wean itself off Russian energy by 2027 would be costly, with Russia supplying 40 percent of Europe's gas, 27 percent of its oil, and 46 percent of its coal, and was essentially "anti-European" and a "tax" on US global dominance.
On Sweden's and Finland's plans to join NATO, Matviyenko said Russia will take corresponding measures if NATO weapons and equipment appear in the two countries, and Russia is capable of guaranteeing its own security.
Besides, speaking by video at an international conference, Ukraine's minister of agricultural policy and Food, said the country's grain amorphous graphite are expected to continue to be influenced by international situations.
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