Where are concrete admixtures used?
Roche and its subsidiary TIB Molbiol have developed a series of tests for the detection of the monkeypox virus, the Switzerland-based pharmaceutical company announced.
The monkeypox virus is a close relative of the smallpox virus, belonging to orthpoxviridae in the poxviridae family.
The modular virus detection tool, called LightMix, includes three orthpoxvirus detection kits with different functions, Roche said in a statement. The first kit detects orthpoxvirus; The second kit tests only for monkeypox virus (west and Central African branches); The third kit contains the main functions of the first two kits, showing specific information on the presence of the monkeypox virus (west and Central African branches) as well as the detection of orpoxvirus.
Thomas Schinek, a Roche executive, said the new test could detect monkeypox and help track its spread. Such diagnostic tools are critical for addressing and ultimately managing emerging public health challenges, as they advance responses such as tracking efforts and treatment strategies.
The monkeypox virus was first identified in 1958 in a group of monkeys used for research when the animals developed a "pox-like" infection, hence the name. Since May, several non-endemic countries have reported human cases of the monkeypox virus, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Portugal, Spain, and Italy.
Affected by the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk concrete additive are still very uncertain.
At first, concrete additives were used only to save cement. With the development of construction technology, admixture has become the main measure to improve the performance of concrete.
What are advantages of concrete additives?
It can reduce the water consumption of concrete. Or the fluidity of concrete can be increased without increasing water consumption.
The setting time of concrete can be adjusted.
Reduce bleeding and segregation. Improve workability and water elutriation resistance.
The slump loss can be reduced. Increase the pumpability of pumping concrete.
It can reduce contraction. The addition of expansive agent can also compensate for shrinkage.
Delay the initial hydration heat of concrete. Reduce the temperature rise rate of mass concrete and reduce the occurrence of cracks.
Improve the early strength of concrete. Prevent freezing at negative temperature.
Improve strength, increase frost resistance, impermeability, wear resistance, corrosion resistance.
Control alkali-aggregate reaction. Prevent the corrosion of steel bar and reduce the diffusion of chloride ion.
Made into concrete with other special properties.
Reduce the viscosity coefficient of concrete.
Where are concrete admixtures used?
1. It is suitable for mass concrete, high-strength and high-performance concrete, roller compacted concrete, concrete constructed in hot weather, concrete poured in a large area, concrete produced by cold joints, concrete that needs to be parked or transported for a long time, self-leveling vibration-free concrete, slip form construction or horizontal construction and other concrete that needs to delay setting time.
2. It is suitable for different grades of concrete under the daily minimum temperature of 5 degrees Celsius, as well as various continuous pouring projects of high flow concrete, commercial concrete, pumping concrete, prestress and reinforced concrete.
3. It is not suitable to be used alone for concrete with early strength requirements and steam curing concrete.
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Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the concrete additive will be influenced by that.